Bupleurum ( 柴胡 ) ...Chinese Herb...

Latin Plant Name

Bupleuri Radix

Pinyin Mandarin Name

Chai Hu 柴胡

Common English Name


Part of Plant Used

Whole plant




Bitter, slightly acrid

Meridians Entered

Liver, Gallbladder, Pericardium

Common Usages

This herb is used in formulas to treat colds with chest congestion and alternating chills and fevers and other respiratory illnesses that are at a superficial level in the body; also used to treat many imbalances of the Liver and Gallbladder, including hepatitis and cirrhosis; and to strengthen digestive and metabolic functions (TCM: internal heat, Liver fire, Spleen deficiency, and stagnant Liver Qi).

Traditional Usages and Functions

Resolves lesser Yang heat patterns; relaxes constrained Liver Qi; raises Yang Qi in cases of Spleen or Stomach Deficiency.

Common Formulas Used In

Bupleurum and Dragon Bone; Bupleurum, Inula, and Cyperus; Bupleurum and Tang Gui; Cimicafuga; Ginseng and Astragalus; Minor Bupleurum; Rehmannia and Magnetitum; Rhubarb and Scutellaria.

Processing Required




Cautions in Use

Do not use if there is a deficient- Yin cough or symptoms of Liver fire rising.

Leave Bupleurum

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